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Urology Residency (Arizona)


The Urology Residency provides five years of postgraduate training in clinical urology.

Clinical training

During the first year of your residency, you are introduced to urologic diseases and spend time in several general surgery areas to comply with Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education program requirements.

During the second year of the residency, you become familiar with:

  • Urologic diagnosis
  • Endoscopy
  • Urodynamic technique and theory
  • Management of the urologic oncology patient
  • Basic operative skills
  • Common and uncommon urologic disease processes

The third and fourth years of the program (PGY-3 and -4) provide intensive training in:

  • Pediatric urology
  • Endourology
  • Female urology
  • Infertility
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Urologic oncology

The rotations in urologic oncology offer significant exposure to patients with prostate, bladder, or renal cancer.

The final year of urology consists of hospital and clinical rotations, including senior and chief resident assignments. This experience allows you to mature into a knowledgeable, confident, and skillful urologic surgeon capable of independent thinking and conducting the most difficult of operations.

Rotation schedule

The following is a typical urology residency rotation schedule.

First year

  • Adult urology
  • General surgery
    • Colon and rectal surgery
    • Plastic and reconstructive surgery
    • Surgical critical care
    • Transplantation
    • Trauma

Second year

  • Office urology
  • Adult urology
  • Begin acquiring basic skills in both endourology and open urologic surgery

Third year

  • Endourology and laparoscopy
  • Adult urology
  • Transplant
  • Pediatric urology

Fourth year

  • Female urology
  • Neuro-urology and andrology
  • Adult urology

Fifth year

  • Chief resident associate
  • Uro-oncology
  • Endourology and laparoscopy
  • Uro-oncology

Your PGY-3, PGY-4 and PGY-5 yearly rotations are spent in clinical urology. You assume increasing responsibility in caring for urologic patients, culminating in an appointment as chief resident associate in urology during the final year of your residency.

As a senior resident in PGY-5, you carry out consultations on urologic patients and actively share in preoperative decisions about surgery. You participate in urologic procedures, both open and transurethral, and in postoperative management in hospital and outpatient clinics.

You are given considerable responsibility and independence during your training, which is enhanced by both the large number of patients you see, and the complicated nature of many of their urologic problems. Equal emphasis is placed on endoscopic, endourologic and open surgical procedures. The time allotted to each of these varies according to your individual needs.

Call frequency

Mayo Clinic follows the recommendations of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.


Extramural employment (moonlighting) at a facility not on the Mayo Clinic campus is prohibited.

Didactic training

Clinical conferences, seminars, small discussion groups, journal clubs and one-on-one instruction are all an integral part of Mayo Clinic's Urology Residency Program. The following list gives you an overview of the didactic portion of the program.

Weekly activities

  • Formal hospital rounds daily
  • Academic seminars and consultant lectures in basic science and allied clinical subjects
  • Pediatric urology conferences while on pediatric urology rotation
  • Radiology, nephrology and general surgery conferences monthly activities
  • Pathology lectures, case presentations and morbidity-mortality conferences
  • Journal clubs

Your didactic training includes periodic reviews of surgical specimens, postmortem findings, instructive cases and urinary microscopy. You have the opportunity to take courses in laser technique, laparoscopy, microsurgical technique, computer training, basic cardiac life support and writing for scientific publications. You also participate in the Merit Center's Evidence-Based Surgical Practice Conference.

Case studies

Weekly imaging conferences are presented by and for residents and consultants. These activities include case presentations and reviews of excretory urograms, CT scans, ultrasounds and MRIs.

Committee assignments

Two residents serve on the Education Committee for Urology, which meets semi-annually.

Book allowance

A department book allowance has been established for each resident, which provides a copy of "Campbell's Urology" and "Hinman's Atlas of Urologic Surgery."

All residents have 24/7 electronic access to the Mayo Clinic Libraries from all institutional workstations within the institution and from home.

Research training

The Urology Residency includes basic science and clinical research. A large surgical database, excellent research support and experienced mentors are available to assist you with research projects.

Ongoing collaborations with investigators in anesthesiology, epidemiology, pathology, biomedical engineering, nephrology and radiology provide resources and support for research projects.

You are also expected to be active with data collection and manuscript preparation. You will present at least one scientific study at a national meeting and publish at least one article in a peer-reviewed journal.

Teaching opportunities

You have the opportunity to teach medical school students from Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine and University of Arizona Medical School, as well as visiting students from other medical schools, through bedside instruction and formal didactic lectures.


To ensure that you acquire adequate knowledge and develop the appropriate technical skills to meet program expectations, your performance is monitored carefully during the Urology Residency. You are formally evaluated by supervising faculty members on a regular basis and meet with the program director to review these evaluations. In addition, you regularly evaluate the faculty to confirm that your educational needs are being met.

Career development

You meet periodically with various faculty members, administrators and the training program director to discuss your individual career goals. Mayo Clinic recruits many of its staff physicians from its own training programs.

Additional training

At the conclusion of your urology residency, you may wish to continue your graduate medical education at Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education.

Several post-residency training fellowship positions are offered in subspecialty areas of urology. These fellowships emphasize clinical training in all aspects of a particular subspecialty, but can be tailored to your specific career requirements and interests.

If you are accepted for a fellowship, you will continue to receive in-depth, daily, one-on-one training with a consulting physician and also have the opportunity to increase your supervisory and administrative skills.