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General Surgery Residency (Minnesota)

Surgeons in the operating room


Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota, offers a dynamic and robust five-year categorical General Surgery Residency. During your training, your responsibilities increase with your experience, capability and performance.

The opportunity for you to learn about and perform both common (such as gallbladder, hernia and appendix) and complex (such as liver, pancreas, stomach and aorta) procedures in a one-on-one setting with Mayo surgeons is key to creating stellar young surgeons.

In addition to caring for patients in their clinical practices, Mayo Clinic's faculty members are committed to teaching and facilitating the growth of medical knowledge. Our faculty members are recognized leaders in their fields, publishing more than 300 papers each year and giving more than 200 presentations annually. You have direct access to these individuals during your time in the General Surgery Residency.

Throughout your residency, you write all orders and are responsible for managing your patients. You participate in rounds each morning as part of a small team working with one staff surgeon. During rounds, new patients are presented, inpatient management is reviewed and teaching sessions are held.

Joint Surgery and Thoracic Surgery Program

Mayo Clinic offers a Joint Surgery and Thoracic Surgery Program, known as the fast-track 4+3 program, which makes residents eligible for certification through the American Board of Surgery and the American Board of Thoracic Surgery. After completing the seven years of training, the resident has comprehensive exposure to both general surgery and cardiothoracic surgery.

There are two tracks in the joint program: general thoracic surgery and cardiovascular surgery. Positions are offered via the National Resident Matching Program to fourth-year medical students through the categorical general surgery residency match. We encourage those interested to apply to this pathway through the Electronic Residency Application Service.

This joint program began taking applications from medical students for the 2013 match. The program was established in 2006, but previously recruited only internal Mayo categorical general surgery residents.

Also see the Thoracic Surgery Residency (Minnesota).

Integrated Community and Rural Surgery Track

The Integrated Community and Rural Surgery Track combines the academic excellence of Mayo Clinic residency with robust community and rural surgical experience within Mayo Clinic Health System. An emphasis on surgical breadth within general surgery and surgical subspecialties allows a qualified candidate to confidently practice in a community, rural or international setting after successful completion of the residency.

A dedicated year within Mayo Clinic Health System for senior residents promotes independent decision-making under the close supervision of board-certified general surgeons and surgical subspecialists in gynecology, orthopedic surgery, urology, otolaryngology and plastic surgery.

This residency track builds on already successful general surgical six-week rotations at Mayo Clinic Health System sites in La Crosse, Wisconsin, and Owatonna, Minnesota, where current second- and third-year residents enthusiastically attend continuously. Based on this experience, residents in this track are expected to perform 250 to 300 major operations during these rotations alone.

In addition to operating, residents participate in other educational activities. They are expected to attend office hours, where they have the opportunity to see new patients of the practice. Communications skills are emphasized among referring colleagues, emergency room staff, associate providers, medical colleagues, support staff, family and, above all, with patients. Residents also have the opportunity to learn the business of medicine, procedural and clinical coding, and office management.

Mayo Clinic's world-renowned research opportunities allow interested residents the option to complete research applicable to the community and rural surgical setting. While not required, allotted time facilitates completion of peer-reviewed articles.

The Integrated Community and Rural Surgery Track adheres to Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) work-hour regulations and teaches ACGME competencies. In addition, all faculty are appointed and approved by the Mayo Clinic General Surgery Residency, and all policies are equivalent to the General Surgery Residency. Residents have access to appropriate educational conferences and receive excellent supervision and meaningful evaluations.

The Integrated Community and Rural Surgery Track proudly promotes "the spirit of Mayo Clinic" in its training. Compassion, integrity, cooperation, commitment, wisdom and professionalism are emphasized as we ready surgeons for the future. Successful graduates are well-prepared for the challenges of community and rural practices and carry with them the Mayo Clinic model of care to the communities of this country and the world.

If you have an interest in community or rural surgery, come take a look at our program. We have a lot to offer and are looking for motivated, driven students who want to help build a program with incredible resources.


The General Surgery Residency at Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota, is accredited by the ACGME and is approved for 10 categorical positions each year.


Every resident who successfully completes the General Surgery Residency is eligible for certification through the American Board of Surgery.

Program history

While surgery instruction and teaching dates back to the earliest days of Mayo Clinic, the General Surgery Residency formally began in 1915, when the Mayo brothers created the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.

The program became accredited by the American Board of Surgery in the 1950s and by the forerunner of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in the 1970s. Since that time, hundreds of residents have completed their training in general surgery at Mayo Clinic.

Mayo Clinic resident checking heartbeat of teen patient

Choosing Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic campus in Rochester, Minnesota.
Campus and community

Rochester, MN

Anesthesiologists performing a procedure on a mannequin

Stipend and benefits