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Anatomic and Clinical Pathology Residency (Minnesota)

Curriculum

Our curriculum is designed to provide complete training in all major areas of anatomic pathology (AP) and/or clinical pathology (CP) while remaining flexible enough to accommodate diverse career goals in academics, community practice or other settings. Eleven four-week elective blocks in the AP/CP track allow extensive time to develop subspecialty interests, take advantage of unique educational opportunities, and complete research projects.

Anatomic pathology and clinical pathology rotations are integrated throughout the four-year curriculum to allow continuous exposure to both anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine, facilitating subspecialty decisions and allowing residents to make and maintain relationships with mentors in the department.

Residents gain experience in all aspects of anatomic and clinical pathology, including:

  • General surgical pathology
  • Subspecialty areas of surgical pathology, such as bone and soft tissue, gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, pulmonary, breast, gynecologic, genitourinary, renal, head and neck, cardiovascular, ophthalmic, neuropathology, endocrine, and dermatopathology
  • Postmortem examinations, including hospital and forensic cases
  • Cytopathology
  • Molecular pathology
  • Hematopathology
  • Coagulation
  • Transfusion medicine
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Cytogenetics
  • Laboratory management

For the Physician-Scientist Research track, an AP-only curriculum is built on the same model with a focus on anatomic pathology while still providing education in fields such as hematopathology, cytogenetics, and molecular pathology. A CP-only curriculum features extended rotations through the core CP curriculum areas and a generous amount of elective time. For residents in all tracks (with the exception of AP/NP), up to six months of elective time may be devoted to research.

Rotation schedule

Anatomic pathology and clinical pathology

A typical AP/CP residency rotation schedule includes the following (one block is four weeks):

Year 1Blocks
Frozen section lab and general surgical pathology 4 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytology I 1 block
Gastrointestinal pathology 1 block
Microbiology 2 blocks
Medical pathology 1 block
Coagulation 1 block
Dermatopathology 1 block
Year 2Blocks
Frozen section lab and general surgical pathology 3 blocks
Biopsy 2 blocks
Hematopathology I 2 blocks
Transfusion medicine 3 blocks
Cytogenetics 1 block
Clinical chemistry 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 3Blocks
Transfusion medicine 1 block
Autopsy 2 blocks
Clinical chemistry 2 blocks
Molecular genetics 2 blocks
Hematopathology II 2 blocks
Cytology II 1 block
Frozen section lab and general surgery pathology 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 4Blocks
Neuropathology 1 block
Cytology III 1 block
Frozen section lab fellow 1 block
Mayo Clinic 3 fellow 1 block
Hormone receptor prognostic (HRP) 0.25 block
Elective 8.75 blocks

Anatomic pathology and neuropathology

A typical AP/NP residency rotation schedule includes the following (one block is four weeks):

Year 1Blocks
Frozen section lab and general surgical pathology 2 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Medical pathology 1 block
Molecular genetics 2 blocks
Neuropathology 1 block
Cytology I 1 block
Dermatopathology 1 block
Gastrointestinal pathology 1 block
Microbiology (infectious disease pathology) 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 2Blocks
Frozen section lab and general surgical pathology 3 blocks
Biopsy 1 block
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytogenetics 1 block
Cytology II 1 block
Hematopathology I 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Elective 3 blocks
Year 3 and Year 4
   Neuropathology Fellowship curriculum

Anatomic pathology only

A typical AP-only residency rotation schedule includes the following (one block is four weeks):

Year 1Blocks
Frozen section lab and general surgical pathology 4 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytogenetics 1 block
Cytology I 1 block
Dermatopathology 1 block
Gastrointestinal pathology 1 block
Medical pathology 1 block
Elective 2 blocks
Year 2Blocks
Frozen section lab and general surgical pathology 3 blocks
Molecular genetics 2 blocks
Biopsy 2 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytology II 1 block
Hematopathology I 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 3Blocks
Cytology III 1 block
Frozen section lab and general surgical pathology 1 block
Frozen section lab fellow 1 block
Mayo Clinic 3 fellow 1 block
Neuropathology 1 block
Hormone receptor prognostic (HRP) 0.25 block
Elective 7.75 blocks

Clinical pathology only

A typical CP-only residency rotation schedule includes the following (one block is four weeks):

Year 1Blocks
Microbiology 3 blocks
Molecular genetics 3 blocks
Hematopathology 2 blocks
Coagulation 2 blocks
Clinical chemistry 1 block
Cytogenetics 1 block
Transfusion medicine 1 block
Year 2Blocks
Clinical chemistry 3 blocks
Transfusion medicine 3 blocks
Hematopathology 2 blocks
Lab directorship 1 block
Microbiology 1 block
Elective 3 blocks
Year 3Blocks
Clinical chemistry 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Lab directorship 1 block
Transfusion medicine 1 block
Elective 9 blocks

Rotation descriptions

Learn more about our rotations.

Call frequency

Residents take microbiology call, weekend autopsy call, transfusion medicine call, and chemistry call. Microbiology day call is only assigned during the rotation. Weekend autopsy rotations begin in the first year during your scheduled autopsy blocks. Transfusion medicine and clinical chemistry call consists of after-hours at-home pager call one week at a time, as well as day call during assigned rotations. There is no frozen section call.

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science follows the recommendations of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).

Anatomic clinical pathology residents may choose to engage in basic, translational, or clinical research depending on the level of their interest, research background, and time availability

Research training

Residents may choose to engage in basic, translational, or clinical research depending on the level of their interest, research background, and time availability. Research is encouraged but not required. Translational research and new test development are focus areas of our department with dozens of new tests under development at any given time.

Many residents present at multiple national annual meetings including the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology (USCAP)College of American Pathologists (CAP) and American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) each year. Recent residents and fellows have won prestigious awards at the USCAP meeting including the Stowell-Orbison award, the Gastrointestinal Pathology Society award, the Hans Popper Liver Pathology Society award, the international Society of Urologic Pathology award, and the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology award.

For those who wish to have extended time for research during residency, a fully funded Physician-Scientist Research track and an institutional Clinician-Investigator Training Program are available.

Conferences

See conference descriptions.

Evaluation

To ensure that you acquire adequate knowledge and develop the appropriate technical skills to meet program expectations, your performance is monitored carefully during the Anatomic and Clinical Pathology Residency. You are formally evaluated by supervising faculty members, pathology assistants, laboratory staff and education specialists on a regular basis. Written faculty evaluations are available for viewing in the MedHub system. Rotations directors discuss evaluations with residents at the conclusion of each rotation, and the program director meets with residents semi-annually for a 360 evaluation of resident performance, interests and goals. In addition, you also regularly evaluate the teaching faculty and educational specialists to confirm that your educational needs are being met.