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Clinical Training

Mayo Clinic anesthesiology residents

Mayo Clinic's Anesthesiology Residency program offers a flexible and comprehensive training experience with opportunities to rotate to several affiliated institutions, including Mayo Clinic campuses in Jacksonville, Florida, and Scottsdale, Arizona. 

Anesthesiology Residency training comprises two components: Fundamental Clinical Skills (FCS) or PGY-1 year and clinical anesthesia years (CA-1 through CA-3 years). 

Fundamental clinical skills (FCS) year (PGY-1)

The fundamental Clinical Skills (FCS) of medicine year at Mayo Clinic provides broad education in the fundamental skills relevant to the practice of anesthesiology. Rotation schedules are composed of 13 four-week rotations and are comprised of the following experiences: 

  • Inpatient internal medicine 
  • Inpatient cardiology 
  • Surgical intensive care 
  • Medical intensive care 
  • Nephrology 
  • Inpatient neurology 
  • Emergency medicine 
  • Preoperative clinic 
  • Acute pain medicine 
  • Transfusion medicine 
  • Otorhinolaryngology 
  • Research 
  • Anesthesiology 

Clinical anesthesia years

The three clinical anesthesia years (CA-1 through CA-3) include training in basic, subspecialty, and advanced anesthesia, as well as opportunities to participate in scholarly activity. Rotations vary in length from one to three months.

CA-1 and CA-2 years

The first and second years of clinical anesthesia training (CA-1 and CA-2) consist of clinical rotations in all basic and subspecialty areas with increasing levels of responsibility and autonomy. After completing these rotations, residents gain expertise in peripheral and neuraxial regional anesthesia, advanced airway techniques, point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS), critical care, and pain medicine. Residents gain exposure to all subspecialty areas, facilitating informed decisions regarding future subspecialty and fellowship training. 

CA-3 year

The third year of clinical anesthesia training (CA-3) at Mayo Clinic is distinctly different from the CA-1 and CA-2 years. This year offers unique opportunities for trainees to learn valuable leadership skills while functioning as the leader of the perioperative anesthesia care team. Throughout this year, residents are allowed greater scheduling flexibility, take on responsibility for more complex anesthetics, and participate in many “hall-way rotations” where they function as leaders of the anesthesia care team. The latter allows for ownership of multiple, complex procedure rooms, working with faculty in managing all aspects of perioperative care.

Elective rotations include:

  • Ambulatory anesthesia
  • Cardiovascular senior
  • ECMO
  • Multispecialty senior
  • Neuroanesthesia senior
  • Pain medicine
  • Pediatric outfield senior
  • Radiology outfield senior
  • Regional anesthesia/ block resident senior
  • Research
  • Transesophageal echocardiography
  • Transplant anesthesia

CA-1 year rotation schedule

Orthopedic and regional anesthesia 2 months
General surgery anesthesia 2 months
Gynecological and plastic surgery anesthesia 1 month
ENT 1 month
Major spine anesthesia 1 month
Surgical critical care 1 month
Recovery room and acute pain medicine 2 months
Transfusion medicine 2 weeks
Outfield anesthesia 2 weeks
Elective  1 month 

CA-2 year rotation schedule

Cardiovascular anesthesia 3 months
Neuroanesthesia 1 month
Obstetric anesthesia 1 month
Pediatric anesthesia 1 month
Regional anesthesia 1 month
Preoperative clinic 1 month
Surgical critical care 1 month
Pain clinic 1 month
Electives 2 months

CA-3 year rotation schedule

Cardiac anesthesia 1 month
Neuroanesthesia 1 month
Obstetric anesthesia 1 month
Pediatric anesthesia 1 month
Regional anesthesia 2 months
Electives 6 months


During the CA-2 or CA-3 year, extramural rotations may be arranged at affiliated locations. The cost of travel, housing, licensure, and other fees are covered, such that these rotations do not become a financial hardship for the resident. 

These rotations include:

  • Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona
  • Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida
  • Nemours Children's Specialty Care, Jacksonville, Florida
  • Cuyuna Regional Medical Center, Crosby, Minnesota (rural perioperative surgical home rotation)
  • Mayo Clinic Health System Eau Claire (private practice)
  • Mayo Clinic Health System Mankato (private practice)

Call frequency

Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education follows the recommendations of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Call schedules vary by rotation, but call is approximately every four to six nights. This allows a day off after call with no direct patient care responsibilities. Intensive care and obstetric anesthesia rotations tend to have the most frequent call but are no more than every third night. 

CA-3 call is a unique opportunity for residents to serve in another “sub-faculty” role — managing ALL after-hour cases at Mayo Clinic Hospital — Rochester, Saint Marys Campus, including directing room staffing, triaging emergencies, formulating perioperative care plans, and teaching residents and students.


Licensed residents beyond the PGY-1 level are permitted to moonlight. Moonlighting should not interfere with the required learning and must not violate the duty-hour rules of the ACGME or visa regulations.

Career development

Residents meet periodically with faculty advisers and the program director to discuss goals and progress in the program. With the help of faculty advisers, residents create an individualized learning plan to achieve academic and career goals. Many graduates enter academic practices at Mayo Clinic and other prestigious academic institutions. 


To ensure that residents acquire adequate knowledge and develop the appropriate technical skills to meet program expectations, performance is monitored carefully throughout training. Formal evaluation by supervising faculty members occurs monthly. Each resident meets with their faculty adviser at least quarterly to review faculty evaluations as well as academic progress and goals. 

Twice a year, residents receive a written clinical competency evaluation by the chair of the Clinical Competency Committee that includes all milestone levels achieved. These evaluations are forwarded to the American Board of Anesthesiology and the ACGME.

In addition, residents regularly evaluate rotations and faculty to confirm that educational needs are being met, provide feedback to faculty, and guide efforts toward continuous program improvement.